JOP Blogpost

How Petitioning is Linked to the Origins and Development of Standing Committees

Standing committees play a crucial role in the work of modern legislatures. A casual glance at recent news headlines makes this clear: in the current 117th Congress, the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure has been hard at work on the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, and the House Ways and Means Committee recently presented a …

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Do Politicians Discriminate Against Constituents with an Immigration Background?

In this year’s German federal election campaign, voters with an immigrant background, who constitute ten percent of the electorate, played a remarkably small role in the appeals and mobilization efforts of the major parties. When representatives of the Turkish community asked the Bundestag candidates about their positions on topics important to immigrant voters, less than …

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Agricultural comparative advantage explains US legislators’ support for trade agreements

In a new paper at the Journal of Politics, “Agricultural Comparative Advantage and Legislators’ Support for Trade Agreements”, Francesco Amodio, Leonardo Baccini, Giorgio Chiovelli, and Michele Di Maio find evidence that comparative advantage in agriculture predicts how legislators vote on the ratification of preferential trade agreements in Congress. Implementing trade liberalization is often a controversial policy …

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Do Voters Discriminate Against Women Running for Office?

Women make up roughly half of the world’s population but hold only 25.7 percent of the elected positions in national legislatures (Inter-Parliamentary Union 2021). Political scientists have long tried to make sense of the persistent underrepresentation of women in politics around the globe. One recurring question in this research canon is whether voters actively discriminate …

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Home-price subsidies increase local-level political participation in urban India

Today, over half of the world’s population lives in cities. While developing countries remain predominantly rural, urbanization is expected to add 2.5 billion people to the global urban population by 2050, with 90% of this increase slated for Asia and Africa. India alone is expected to contribute 404 million individuals to this figure. Where should …

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The Missionary Roots of Nationalism

In the era of European colonialism, Christian missionaries spread to practically every corner of the globe. By 1900, they had evangelized 700 million people, nearly half the world population. The conventional wisdom in the social science literature is that Protestant missionaries spread literacy and democracy. The argument is straightforward: Protestant missionaries founded thousands of schools …

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Can Competition for Migrants Limit Backsliding?

Throughout the world, including in the United States, we are witnessing an increase in “democratic backsliding” –  the state-led erosion and weakening of democratic institutions and norms. How can this trend be opposed and undermined? In our new article, we examine a potential economic consequence of backsliding: whether backsliding harms people’s evaluations of job opportunities. …

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